is situated on the western border
of India. It has sea at one
side and desert covering the
other side. The border of Kutch
is guarded by the highest hill.
from the village of Khavda in Bhuj,
the highest hill guards the Kutch
region. It is 1515 feet high and in
present days is a tourist attraction
with tourists tracking on the hill.
From Bhuj this hill is 85 km and is
covered with different kinds of trees
and tall grass.
to Geologists, thousands of years
ago, the land of Kutch was at the
sea bed and due to activities of the
crust of the earth, this land emerged
above the sea.
region of Kutch is located 22 degree
north of the tropic of cancer i.e.
at 44'-11' or 24degree from the north
pole, 41-25'north latitude and 68
degree, 09'-46' and 71 degree, 54'-47'
east degree of longitude. On its north
and northwest lies Pakistan, on the
east Banarskantha and Maherana, while
on its southeast is Surendranagar
and its south has the Bay of Kutch
and the district of Rajkot. The Arabic
Sea lies to its southwest and west.
The total area of Kutch is of 45692
square km, of which 23310 square km
is desert. Kutch comprises Gujrat's
23.27% area. It has a total 949 villages
and 10 cities.
is known that Kutch region is
prone to tectonic quakes. Earthquakes
often occur in this region and
this affects its geographical
situations. These earthquakes
affect the atmosphere, its land
and its minerals. The land of
'Allah Bandh' in the middle
of the Sidhu River is because
of one such earthquake, which
stopped the rivers flow.
deserts in the world, is unique
as it doesn't have sand. It
is a desert where the land is
full of salt and salt stones.
The land is smooth and dry.
23,143 square km desert is geographically
divided into two, small and big deserts.
The big desert is situated on the
south, northwest direction and northeast
direction. Its area is 18,000 sq.
km, while the small is in the southeast
quarter. Its area covers 5,143 square
years ago when Hkra and Sindhu
rivers used to flow in this
region, it was a fertile land.
But because of geographical
changes, the flow of these rivers
changed and it became dry and
the rainwater won't seep but slowly
goes into the land. The water from
Bay of Kutch and sea water from channel
of Kari mixes with this rainwater
and when it dries, the salt from the
water covers the land. Thus, the layers
of salt have been built here. The
salt in the land attracts moisture
from the atmosphere and that makes
the surface smooth and full of moisture.
That is the reason that the land here
stays hard even in hard summer days.
A mirage emerges on this white salty
land when the sunbeam hits the land.
is a wonderful land and so has its
special place in the places of tourist
attractions in the world.