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History Of Kutch

For thousand years, the people of Kutch migrated in and out of Kutch to countries like Sindh, Afganisthan, Britain and Africa. Many foreigners who came here have depictions of Kutch in their journals. One of the army personal of Alexander The Great called it 'Abhir', which means the shape of tortoise. It was always remained a place of a less population, especially in the 9th century.

Kutch was existent in the time of Mahabharat and some reports indicate that it existed even before that, in the time of Rama and Ravana. On the basis of ancient literature, it can be said that the changes in the history of Kutch has many similarities with the western revolutions especially with French revolution. According to the historian Mr. Mavji Kanji Maheta of Kutch, Krishna was from the family of Yadu and his son Samb was the first man of Jadeja family which was the first family of Kutch. But according to Dulerai Karani, a poet and a supervisor, Samb was not the initiator of the Jadeja family instead it was Krishna's grandson Vajranabh. He drew his conclusion on the basis of Shrimad Bhagvat Harivansh and Mahabhart's ancient literature. Through ancient and pre-historical evidence and proofs, which are mostly found in Kutch, it is clear that human cultural evolution passed through all its phases. The ancient civilization's authentication is found in and around Bhuj, Madhapr, Kukma and Nakhtra districts. Weapons made out of rocks have also been excavated, which indicates that the cave man civilization also existed here. This proves that during the ancient civilization of Kutch self made weapons, wer used to cut grass with the andto do basic farming.

2600 years before Jesus' birth, Harrapan civilization on the Sindh River was excavated. Ghodavira in Kutch is also similar and perfect example of this civilization. There is not much evidence to suggest about the type of civilization which came into being after the Harrapan civilization. However, around the period of 150, there are some inscription on stones found in Junagard made by the king Rudradam and these include the name of Kutch on them. During this time from 78 to 400, Jainism and Buddhism must have been prevalent and these inscriptions indicates towards that.

Rudradam's rule was ended when Abhirs defeated him. After the end of Abhirs' rule came Guptas' to rule Kutch. The proofs of this are the coins they found in this place. Valabhis came on rule after Guptas. According to legend, Arabs attacked Kutch along with Sindh, Marvad and Ujjain in 0738-39. In that time, Kutch was on independent state and also has business relationship with western countries. Through the Arab attacks and international connection through business, Muslims came in Kutch.

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