Introduction to Merao
the district of Mandvi, the village Merao is situated
8 km in west from Mandvi. The village of Merao is
built nearly in 1595 according to Hindu calendar.
At that times the village was called "Khandha"
and was situated in thee west across the river,
in the area called "Kandhoda", from the
recent habitat. "Changlani" tribe of Muslims
built the recent village of Merao. The name of the
main man of the tribe was Meru and so the name Merao
was given to the village. Later some "Ayar"
farmers came here and prepared some land in the
village to do farming. So the ancestors of the village
were Muslims and Ayar farmers. The old well at the
river and place where the cattle of the village
drank water were made at those times.
in 16th or 17th century, according to Hindu calendar,
the King of Ketch Ravshri Raydhanji's fifth prince
Gopalji Faradi came on rule. Gopalji's prince Banbhniyaji
got Merao under his rule. For the progress of the
village Shri Banbhniyaji's son Sattaji called farmers
of Visa Oswal Mahajan from near by other villages
to Merao for farming and gave them lands to farming
and to live. Through the encouragement of Jadejas
and the settlements of Visa Oswal Jain, the village
started progressing. Because of the fertilized land
for farming and lot of water in the village, people
attracted to the village and the population started
to grow. As time progressed, in the middle of 19th
century, the Kanbi farmers started to come. Every
cast of people stayed together and encouraged and
participated in the progress of Merao.
to the "History of Kutch" written
by Shri Atmaram Keshvji in 1928 that according
to Hindu calendar, the population of Merao
was 1009 at those times.
the basis of today's Democracy, the total population
of Merao under the rule of Grampanchayat, including
the locals as well as people in foreign lands, is
3500, half of them are out in other regions for
business and jobs. The main occupation of Merao
is farming; Jains and Kanbis are the main local
depends on farming and business. Outside Merao,
Jains are doing different kinds of businesses or
good jobs whereas Kanbis are working and doing jobs
in foreign countries like Dubai, Maskat and Salala.
The ancestors of Merao, the Changlani Muslims and
Ayar farmers have no single house in the village.
Other Muslims, who are in the village sells vegetables,
look after the cattle and works as laborers. The
educated young persons of Harijan works at government
and semi-government services. At the educational
level Merao is no loner at the back, 60 to 70% of
the population here is educated.
the progress of the village, institutes like Shri
Merao Jai Mahajan, Shri Merao Jyoti Mitr Mandal,
Shri Merao Grampanchayat and Merao Sahakari mandli
has distributed the activities of the village among