The Creation of Desert : Flamingo
Kutch's main feature is its 20,720 square km desert,
white, salty and like crystal. In this desert, a
place I called 'Surkhabnagar' in which you won't
find any human habitat. It is a home of Flamingoes.
In Asia, Flamingoes are found only in the big desert
When the water from sea spreads on this desert in
monsoon, it creates little ponds of mud everywhere.
In this ponds grows moss little bugs makes them
this home. With the sufficient food source
and the security, you won't find any hunter birds
here. In these ponds, flamingoes build their
nest and lay their eggs. Flamingoes live in
big groups. They land into these ponds in
the month of September and October and built nests
near each other by making little hills of mud.
After few days, they build around one foot tall
and 10 inch wide nests. When the mud dries
in sun, the female flamingo lay one or two light
blue eggs in nest and male and female hatch the
eggs turn by turn. Form the vein of neck of
flamingo comes the red liquid like milk that they
feed to their newborn.
Many say that flamingo migrates from the cold regions
to India in winter but actually they live in India
only. After their newborn get old, they spread
in the other islands of India. Flamingoes live near
river ends, channels, ponds and near sea levels
Flamingoes have special place among tall birds.
They live on earth since last 5 billion years they
are 4 feet tall and has long neck and pink color
wings. Their bodies are small compare to their
height. Their eyes are red. They fly
in-groups in shape of the letter 'V' or sometimes
in long row.
In Gujrati they called them 'Surkhab' Fishermen
in Maharastra's coast line call them 'Rohini' or
'Rohit'. In Kutchi, they call them 'Hanj'
and also known as 'Lakhe-Ja-Jani'. Thousand
years ago the king of Kutch called Lakho Fulani
was nature lover. He said that this 'Hanj'
are the guests of Kutch and so if anyone tried to
hunt them, he used to punish them severely.
So thatís why flamingoes are also known as 'Lakhe-Ja-Jani'
Kutch's Maharav Khengarji Bawa was also a good hunter
and nature lover. He informed ' Bombay natural
History Society' hatch eggs. This was published
in 1896 general of the society. According
to this, there were around 5,00,000 birds there.
Late Dr. Salim Ali also supported it, after he visited
the big desert of Kutch and studied it well.
The region from Khavda to Khadibet in the middle
Khanjda hill in big desert, then known as 'Surkhabnagar'.
There are four kinds of spices of flamingo in the
world today and among them the greater and the lessor
flamingoes are found in India. The difference
between these two is that lessor flamingo as darker
pink color wings then the grater flamingoes.
Modern world's industrialization also affected the
habitats of flamingo. When locust attacked
Kutch few years back, they sprinkled worm control
medicines in this region. This medicine mixed
with rainwater and mixed with the river water and
came in the desert. Due to this, the moss
of the mud pond and other bugs were swept away and
the lack of food affected the lives of flamingoes.
To survive they had to move to other place. But
among the human habitats, they found less space
for them and they divided themselves into small
groups. Due to the security reasons at the
border, the army also came and goes through this
area which affected their quietness. Little
time ago, flamingoes' group came to Mumbai's Shivri
We have to save flamingo, as we are also the part
of nature and survival of all can only stop earth
from getting desolate and barren.
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