The third international
conference of the assembly of world antiquity
was held in Asia for the first time. India
hosted it and 74 countries with their 800 representatives
came here under the presidency of Jack Golson.
Inspite of the most ancient culture that India
has, the lack of knowledge and responsibility
towards the field of archaeology prevails greatly
Ex director general
of Archaeology sector of India, Mr. Jagatpati
Joshi did great research on Sindhu cultural.
When they found the remains of Sindu culture in
Mohen-Jo-Daro and Lothal, Joshi thought that there
must be one more such colony which connects to
these two, and it should be near seashore.
So he started doing research in Kutch at around
late 60's. He found remains of small colonies.
But the contribution of founding Dholavira goes
to its villages called Shambudanbhai Gadhavi.
In 1970 when famine
stroked on Kutch, the relief work was going on
at Kotda half km. from Dholavira. Clark
Shambudan Gadhavi found some seals of the shape
of animals. He informed the museum of Kutch
that is at Bhuj but didn't found much encouragement,
so he published the news in 'Kutchmitra' at Bhuj.
In 1990, the government of India started research
in Kotda. Under the observation of Shirr
Ravindrasing Bist, in around three-year, they
found a town.
At the first stage
of excavation, they found that the town is in
at least 48 acre of land. As they researched,
they classified this town's human culture into
three phases, pre-haddapan, haddapan and bait-
haddapan. The fort of the town is made of
pre haddapan rocks, but the walls of the fort
are made of bricks are of the phase after the
pre-haddapan. Main fort's wall is to 10
meter thick and has 3 gates, in north side, eastside,
and West Side. The alphabets that are found
on the north side gate are an ancient script.
According to archaeologists, river Manhar and
Mansar are running on south and North side of
the town. The pillar near the entrance of
the fort is divided in 4 parts. The bottom
most has a shape like sand-clock machine and the
other 5 parts are gradually getting narrow.
The polish on the pillar indicates the Sindu cultures
Houses of this town
give the indication of its people's ability and
expert in architecture. The houses are made
in such a way that the sunlight comes in till
late evening. In the center of the town
resides 18 meter tall gorgeous and fort. After
that are medium and low-level houses. The
citadel and the medium part have its own security
through fort but there is a facility to come in
and go out of it.
Through the channel,
they stored water in big tanks. There are
also public swimming pools with steps. There
is also public graveyard, but didn't find any
human remains. Dirty water runs through
the well-arranged gutter system. The town
arrangement depicts their architecture expertness
while the clay vessels and jewelry and other thing
depicts their life style. There are animal
bones and burned barely seeds found in their houses,
which indicates that the people here were non-vegetarians
and barely was their main food.
a 1 inch thick bangle with very tiny pearls attached
into it. This is the best example of their
artistic ability. Toys made out of gold
and copper indicates that people of Dholavira
knew metal works and used them. The tool
found at the law area of fort indicates the settlement
of laborers in this area. They used to work
on pearl jewelry made out of pearls. They
also used Jasper, Durncliyan, Steatite and Eaglets.
They found anvil made out of chert stone.
The sharp blade made out of stone of Chilshido
was found here and which was used to scrub the
skin. The mariner's campass that was found
here indicates that the people of this colony
used to do business through sea. Different
things that are found here, the expert says that
people of this colony used to export Gugal honey
and pearls jewelry to countries like Egypt.
The clay vessels found here must be imparted from
other cities and countries and this indicates
the business relationship of Dholavira with other
western countries. Things weigh from 10
GM. To 20 kg indicates peoples' way of measuring
abilities and their expert business minds. Experts
found big, large and straight board and two sitting
arrangements at two opposite side if it which
depicts that people used to play games in their
spare time and entertain themselves.
After the research
and study of Dholavira, Mr. Ravindra Singh says
that this culture and the lifestyle similar to
that of the life style of Vaidik period.
The experts used to believe that the Sindh culture
was about 2000-2500 years ancient, but the discovery
of Dhoavira and the wooden case to keep anvil
found in the form of fossil from here, which indicates
that this town and the haddapan culture is as
ancient as 5000 years.
Dholavira is the
biggest town found during the archaeological excavation
in the world and the culture and life style of
this town and people depicts that people here
were so cultured and modern and the town was so
developed also in such ancient times.
Due to the lack
of money, the government of India has stopped
the research here and all the things that are
found here are moved to Delhi and Baroda for the
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