Incomparable Songs Of Life
While touring the big
desert of Kutch in Feb. 1990, Manjula Savla and
her friends came to the village of Tuga. Village's
government school's teacher Ismilebhai Sama got
the best teachers' award in 1995. He showed
the team an ammonite' fossil. They also found
such fossils during their journey. In 1992,
she went to Kutch along with the friend. They went
to the hill of Kiro that is a dead volcano.
They found a very rare fossil from region.
Few years' back on the show called 'Surabhi' that
was telecast on Doordarshan, they showed the tribal
people of Gujrat's Panchmahal district, worshiping
something just like a shape of a coconut.
Actually it was it was the fossil of the eggs of
After the death of
any living creature or thing, when their remains
stays in rocks in the form of stones are called
fossil. The science that studies these fossils
is called Palaeontogy. This fossils can be
of any kind of green, trees, of birds and can be
as ancient as thousand to million to billion years.
Fossils are of different
types. Sometime, a whole body of living can
be turned into fossil like Siberian Mammoth's fossils
found in large icy Siberian grounds. This
indicated that million years ago, there must be
large land of grass and huge animals had their habits
In the second type
of fossils, the remains of living can be stucked
in between two rocks or any two layers. Their
body could be rotten but their skeleton or the veins
of leaves left their mark on rocks. Sometimes
in the trees' glue or the liquid, the fossils of
bacteria can be found.
Millions years ago,
due to some natural calamity, the living must be
buried between the two layers of earth or between
two rocks. Great force and heat brings changes
to these remains. In many cases, the complex
chemicals turns into simple chemicals and some elements
turns into carbohydrates. The atoms of calcium,
carbonate and sand enter the cells of these remains
and turn them into crystal like things. If
water enters in this remains, then Kelsaite, Dolomite,
or Parities enters the cells of this remains which
turns them into rocky like condition. This
chemical reaction is called Petrifaction.
Greece's famous historian
Hirodate's introduced fossil to the world. In 450
BC he said that fossils are the remains of the livings
that live lived on earth thousands years ago.
European Naturologist M. Sonret is considered to
be the father of Palaeontogy, of modern times.
He explained fossil in 1781. During this time,
England's William Smith was working as a surveyor
of channels and railway lines. During his
work time, in the diggings, he found many fossils
and he studied them well and created the first archaeological
map in 1815.
Fossils found in different
regions of earth. They also developed the
way of deciding the age of fossils. From the
beginnings of life on earth, till this day, the
time is divided into 3 main eras;
2) Mesozoic era and
3) Cenozoic era
To decide the age of any fossil, they use the theory
Through this science,
we can learn things like the life of pre-ancient
time, the changes that came into the livings and
the end of dinosaurs.
In India, different
types of fossils are found in regions like Kutch's
Panchamahal, Rajasthan's desert, in the mountain
regions of Himalayan like Cathpath, Sang-la, Parang-la,
in south's Pondicheri's Thiruvakarai, etc. They
teach palaecontogy in Pune's Deacon University and
in Jodhpur University.
Pro. Bardha studied the fossils of sea creature
found in Kutch. According to him, these fossils
are as ancient as 13 to 15 billion years.
These are fund in the form of limestones, sand rocks
and shell rocks.
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